Glutamine as an Anti-Fatigue Amino Acid in Sports Nutrition

Glutamine is a conditionally essential amino acid widely used in sports nutrition, especially because of its immunomodulatory role. Notwithstanding, glutamine plays several other biological functions, such as cell proliferation, energy production, glycogenesis, ammonia buffering, maintenance of the acid-base balance, among others. Thus, this amino acid began to be investigated in sports nutrition beyond its effect on the immune system, attributing to glutamine various properties, such as an anti-fatigue role. Considering that the...

Consumption of a High Fat Diet

The Mediterranean (MED) diet is often considered health-promoting due to its high content of Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acids and polyphenols. These compounds can affect gene expression and may regulate proteins related to cardiovascular disease prevention. This study aimed to identify the effects of a MED-type diet. Also it wanted to see how would the replacement of SFA(Saturated Fatty Acids) with MUFA in a Western-type diet work. An 8-week, completely controlled SFA diet , MUFA diet, or a MED diet was allocated to overweight men and...

Metabolic Effects of Dark Chocolate Consumption

Gut and microbiome activity and metabolism depend on one’s diet, which can have long term health consequences. The following study presents how free living subjects’ metabolism responds to a daily consumption of 40 g of dark chocolate for up to 14 days. 30 people participated in a clinical test, which divided them into parties with low and high anxiety levels using validated psychological questionnaires. Biological fluids (urine and blood plasma) were collected during 3 test days at the beginning, midtime and at the end...